Athlete diet should contain various types of foods in order to help the athlete achieve peak performance in competitions. An athlete will always gain a lot from the carbohydrates stored in his/her body. Fats, vitamins and proteins are also required in an athlete’s diet in order to ensure that the athlete remains healthy. This shows that an athlete should ensure sensible diet in order to achieve good performance in athletic competitions.
Athlete diet needs carbohydrates in order to provide energy. During moderate exercises, an athlete gets energy from the carbohydrates stored in his/her body. Carbohydrates provide more energy than fats for every unit of oxygen consumed. Carbohydrates come from foods such as cereals, potatoes and spaghetti. Other simple carbohydrates can be found in milk, honey, fruits and sugar. Since athletic competitions are rigorous in nature, an athlete needs a diet that has plenty of carbohydrates in order to get the required energy for the athletic event.
Water is another essential nutrient for athlete diet. Before starting an event, an athlete should take enough water in order to avoid dehydration. In addition, an athlete can also take water and other chilled liquids at regular intervals during the event. Immediately after an athletic competition, an athlete should also take plenty of water to replace the water lost during the event. This shows that water is an important nutrient in an athlete diet.
The other nutrient that should be found in an athlete diet is fat. Fats are essential for an athlete because they provide body fuel. Moderate athletic exercises may have their energy derived from body fats and this shows the importance of fats in an athlete diet. Trained athletes find it easy to use body fats for fuel than untrained athletes. Decrease in fat consumption may lower an athlete’s performance due to lack of sufficient energy. Athletes should therefore ensure sufficient fat in their diets in order to ensure good performance.
An athlete diet should have proteins to provide more energy for the athlete. Athletic exercises increase an athlete’s need for proteins in the diet. When extra protein is consumed, it is stored in the form of fats in an athlete’s body. Athletes who do not ensure sufficient proteins in their diet suffer from sports anemia. This shows that an athlete should calculate his/her protein requirement in order to ensure sufficient consumption of proteins.
Athletes should also ensure that their diets have minerals and vitamins in order to remain healthy. Sufficient vitamins and minerals intake can be achieved through increased caloric consumption. Vitamins such as thiamin and riboflavin are needed by athletes because they help in producing energy from the body fuels. These vitamins can come from carbohydrates and proteins. Vitamins such as riboflavin can come from foods such as milk and this shows that sufficient consumption of milk is crucial for an athlete. Milk also provides calcium which is essential for strong bones. Minerals on the other hand are essential for good athletic performance. An athlete diet with plenty of minerals such as potassium, iron and calcium ensures the body can sustain peak performance. In this connection, athlete diet should contain the various food nutrients which will make the athlete healthy thus improving his/her performance.